The construction of the fort in 1565 under Akbar the Great, who left the capital city of Delhi embarrassed here, and included among his successors, notably under Shah Jahan in the second half of the 16th and the first half of the 17th Century expanded. The surrounding wall was already completed 1571st While Akbar had built mainly in red sandstone with marble deposits in Rajasthan Barauli preferred Shah Jahan white marble, with ornaments of gold and semiprecious stones as building material. In 1648 the capital was moved back to Delhi, which also lost to the Red Fort in importance. After he seized power in 1658 put his father Aurangzeb Shah Jahan in the Red Fort under house arrest, where the latter died in 1666.
In 1803 it was occupied by British troops. During the Indian uprising of 1857 was the continuation of one of the sites of armed conflict.