Kaziranga-Nationalpark in Assam (India)

Kaziranga National Park is an Indian state of Assam in the landscape of the Karbi Anglong hills in the north-eastern India. The park is bounded on the north by the Brahmaputra in the south of the highway 37th The park has an area of ​​430 square kilometers and consists of high-grass meadows, forests and wetlands.

The National Park Authority has its headquarters in Bokahat. Four management stations are located in Agaratoli, Baguri, Burrhpahar and Kohora.

The core area of ​​Kaziranga is since 3 January 1908 and placed under protection has been extended again and again to a few square kilometers. Since 1985, the park is a UNESCO World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

The climate is influenced by the monsoon, from November to April is negligible rainfall, the rain in the rest of the year brings the average annual rainfall of 1,830 mm. About two-thirds of the parking area will be flooded due to the deposits and stepping over the banks Brahmaputra, the nutrient-rich mud. This natural fertilization creates high-grass habitats and biodiversity is a requirement of the national park. The Durchschnittstemparatur in summer is 32 ° C, in winter 10 ° C.

Among the wild animals that live in the Kaziranga include the Asian elephant, Indian rhinoceros, Bengal tiger, wild buffalo, the Goldlangur, the Weißbrauengibbon, the wild boar of the teeth deer, barking deer, hog deer, the sambar and the gaur and Asian wild dog, leopard , Asiatic Black Bear, Sloth bear, Indian otter and the Ganges river dolphin.

Problems resulting from the settlement around the national park. The region of the Karbi Along hills ca covers 10,500 sq km, is used for agriculture, about 800,000 people live here. Due to the extensive production of livestock, it is often the case that grazing cattle entering the National Park and diseases (eg anthrax) einschleppt that are transmitted by direct contact with wild animals or feces.

Conversely, many wild animals move during the rainy season from July / August to October, when the Brahmaputra flooded large parts of the park, to higher ground, in the south, especially the Karbi Hills, north of the Himalayan foothills, and leave it the protected area. By the farmers especially the rhinos and elephants as agricultural pests “are considered to trample the fields. The animals are sold or killed so. Poachers also take advantage of the flood season and the lack of monitoring of the animals by park rangers to specifically capture the horn of rhinos.

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